January 31st - Today marks the 406th anniversary of the execution of Guy Fawkes, who had been tried and convicted for high treason for his contribution to the failed gunpowder plot of November 5th 1605.
He and twelve other English Catholics had planned to assassinate the Protestant King James and replace him with his Catholic daughter, Princess Elizabeth, in a legendary gun power plot that would destroy the houses of Parliament, with the King inside.
The men were all discovered in the early hours of November 5th and were questioned and tortured, before being sentenced with high treason and death by being hung, drawn and quartered. On January 30th 1606, the public executions began in London, and on January 31 Fawkes was called to meet his fate. While climbing to the hanging platform, however, he jumped from the ladder and broke his neck, dying instantly.